Brotowali (Periplaneta americana) Extraction as a Basic Material for Cockroach Repellent
Bratawali, brotowali, or aliali root (Tinospora crispa (L.) Miers ex Hoff.f .; also T. cordifolia (Thunb.) Miers and T. rumphii Boerl.) Are traditional Indonesian medicinal plants commonly grown in yards or growing wild in the forest. The stew stems that feel very bitter are usually used as rheumatic drugs, reduce blood sugar, reduce heat, and help reduce symptoms of diabetes. In Indonesia, besides being known by the name Bratawali, this plant is also known by the name of the area andawali, antawali, putrawali or gadel leaves. Classification of these plants is included in the Menispermaceae plant family. This plant is rich in chemicals including alkaloids (berberina and columbina contained in roots and stems, soft resin, starch, pikroretosid glycosides, pikroretin bitter substances, hars, berberine, palmatin, columbin (root), kokulin (picrotoxin)).
Cockroaches or Periplaneta Arcana are pests in buildings, almost every house can be Periplaneta americana. One way to eradicate cockroaches is to use chemicals, but the price of chemicals is expensive, difficult to reach by the middle to lower class. In addition, chemicals are harmful to health. For this reason, natural ingredients that can be used as a substitute for relatively inexpensive chemicals and practical manufacturing are needed. This study aims to prove that Tinospora Crispa L extraction can be used as a natural substitute for pesticide eradication of cockroaches.
This study aims to prove that Tinospora Crispa L extract can be used as a natural substitute for periplaneta americana pesticides. This research was conducted by making extraction from Tinospora Crispa L stem by soaking the Tinospora Crispa L stem into hot water and then mixing it into lime, then leaving it for 24 hours before used.