Detergent is a compound that is close to the life of the community. Detergent is often used by the community for various activities, including washing household furniture, washing dishes, and for various industrial activities. The existence of detergent that is very close to the life of society is inseparable from the large share of detergent in the life of society itself. This can be seen from statistical data which states that the use of detergent increases every year. Statistics show that there has been an increase of detergent use by household in succession in 1997, 1999, 2000, 2001 amounted to 1.97 kg, 2.11 kg, 2.26 kg, and 2.32 kg. But the increasing use of detergent, also followed by increased pollution caused by detergent. According to NKLD data of DKI Jakarta Year 2000, total detergent production per year reached 116,800 tons, with prediction of waste volume equal to 377400 tons.
Environmental pollution due to the use of detergent can not be separated from compounds that make up the detergent. In general, the detergent is composed of 3 main components, ie a surfactant compound of 20-30% comprising ABS (Alkaline Benzene Sulfate)), builder (Phosphate compound) of 70-80%, and additive (bleach and fragrance). ABS contents that serve as surfactants and foam producers in detergents cause serious pollution levels in the aquatic environment. This is because ABS is difficult to decipher by microarchitecture because ABS has a branched carbon chain. In addition, the phosphate content as a builder also contribute to pollution in the aquatic environment. This is due to the phosphate triggering the eutrophication of weed plants, thus increasing the value of BOD perariran which can result in life threatening in the waters area
However, although detergents have various contents that are harmful to the environment. People always use it because of the high level of need for its benefits, one of the detergent products is household furniture soap. Laundry soap in household appliances has some of the same chemical content as detergents, so if used sustainably it will pollute the surrounding environment and disrupt health. One of the detergent content that is quite harmful to the environment are ABS compounds, EDTA, Propylenglycol and other hazardous materials.
Based on the formulation of the problems that have been presented, then the purpose of this study is
a. Formulate the procedure of making Dacar EcoSurf detergent based on rambutan and Papaya leaves
b. Determine the feasibility level of Ecosurf Dacar through Feasibility Test
c. Knowing the consumer’s perspective on Dacar Ecosurf products
c. Weighing 20 grams of papaya leaf and dissolved into 100 ml of water then blended until smooth, until obtained papaya leaf extract 20%
d. The orange pecel is cut thinly and blended in 50 ml water, the solution is filtered by using a tea strainer to extract the lime juice
e. 0.02 gram Gel N-70 dissolved into beaker glass
f. Next dissolve the mixture of 100 ml rambutan leaf extract and 100 ml papaya leaves into beaker glass A containing Gel N-70, and add water until the solution volume reaches 500 ml
g. The solution is stirred, add 2 ml of lime extract and 1 gram of salt in beaker glass as natural deodorizer and preservative
h. Leave the solution for 24 hours, and close tightly
i. After 24 hours, insert the lost solution into the plastic bottle, and the Eco-detergent solution is ready for use
1. Description of the Bio-Decanate Production Result
Eco-detergent is a liquid detergent made with 99% natural base material without LAS (Linear Alkyl Sulphate) and ABS (Alkaline Benzene Sulfate) commonly used by liquid soap manufacturers in Indonesia. LAS and ABS are chemicals that act as foaming surfactants. The foam on the liquid soap serves as a lift of dirt and fat. However, although both LAS and ABS have a function of fat lifting and are widely useful in people’s lives, these chemicals contain toxic substances that are harmful to the environment. This is because both LAS and ABS have carbon chains that are difficult to break by perariran microorganisms, so these two compounds are usually settled for months in the waters and causing environmental and ecosystem damage to the water areas. Besides the usual synthetic detergents using CMC and phosphate as preservatives, both of these materials have a harmful enough effect to the environment that is potential to cause eutrophication of water hyacinth on the water surface. Therefore Eco-detergent does not use both of these compounds as the basic ingredient of detergent manufacture.