Potency Of Amboyna Wood as a Natural Antiseptic

Potency Of Amboyna Wood as a Natural Antiseptic

Pterocarpus indicus (commonly known as Amboyna wood, Malay Padauk, Papua New Guinea rosewood, Philippine mahogany, Andaman redwood, Burmese rosewood, narra or Pashu Padauk, Angsana ) is a species of Pterocarpus native to southeastern Asia, northern Australasia, and the western Pacific Ocean islands, in Cambodia, southernmost China, East Timor, Indonesia, Malaysia, Papua New Guinea, the Philippines, the Ryukyu Islands, the Solomon Islands, Thailand, and Vietnam.  Pterocarpus indicus was one of two species (the other being Eysenhardtia polystacha) used as a source for the 16th-18th century traditional diuretic known as lignum nephriticum.  Many populations of Pterocarpus indicus are seriously threatened. It is extinct in Vietnam and possibly in Sri Lanka and Peninsular Malaysia. It is the national tree of the Philippines.

Potency Of Amboyna Wood as a Natural Antiseptic
Pterocarpus indicus commonly known as Amboyna wood
Pterocarpus indicus (fabaceace) which is known by its local name sono kembang or angsana is one of the high-level plants that can grow and is relatively easy to cultivate and is widely found in Indonesia. This plant has compound leaves with leafy leaves, fruit in the form of sagging pods with bright red sap to blackish red, and can be used as a medicine for boils, ulcers, prickly heat, bladder stones, diarrhea, dysentery, thrush and lukasfilis, and not have toxic or toxic properties. However, this plant (especially the sap) is still not widely used by the community.
Sono kembang plant sap contains saponins (one of which is kino-tannat acid) which can kill bacteria and has the potential as astrigensia drug (a drug that can cause shrinkage of mucous membranes and bleeding). Based on the content and function of the above compounds, sono plant flowers can be developed and utilized as a practical, natural and economical wound cover.
Potency Of Amboyna Wood as a Natural Antiseptic
Wound in hand
The methods used in this study include animal testing, toxicity testing, FTIR test, GC-MS test and NMR test. Based on the FTIR test results showed that in P. indicus sap there are compounds that have -OH groups, C = C groups, and C-O-C groups which are constituents of glucoside compounds that function as a cover and wound healer. The type of glucoside found in P. indicus sap is saponin. Based on the results of the NMR test, P. indicus sap contains aromatic compounds, double bonds, glycoside compounds and a small amount of fatty acid. Based on the GC-MS test, it is known that sono plant sap contains several compounds such as benzene and methylene, both compounds can kill germs and bacteria. Based on trials on sono latex mice, it is more effective to effectively close the wound when compared to commercial wound medicine. Based on the toxicity test of sono flower sap, it is toxic, it is probably the toxic nature that causes the wound not to be infected so that it can be categorized and used as an antiseptic.

Based on the research, obtained the following data, sono plant sap can be used as a natural and economical wound cover. Besides that, sono plant sap is better for healing wounds than using commercial wound medicine. this was proven in the mouse test which showed that the wound was dry quickly and closed when given sap tananman sono when it was compared to the wound given commercial medicine

The conclusion of this study is that sono plant sap can be an effective, practical, economical and natural wound cover.

Keywords: sap, sono flower plant, wound cover
By: Pupoes Birowo and Achmad Nurul Yaqin
MTs N 2 Kediri
LKIR LIPI 2015

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